Drip irrigation

round drip2It is getting increasingly more important than ever to use water resources wisely and to irrigate smartly. Drip irrigation is a technology widely used to apply water directly where it is needed leading to precise and efficient irrigation.
This is primarily because, in contrast to other forms of irrigation like gravity or sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation is applied slowly and more precisely, with more water targeting the plant's root zone, and without regard to the presence of wind. This minimizes the use of water and integrates your crop, soil, nutrients, and water for best results.
 
Drip Irrigation delivers water directly to the plant roots and avoids unnecessary wetting of plant leaves which conserves water by reducing evaporation and deep drainage, as well as water loss through wind. Many farmers who have chosen to use drip irrigation have enjoyed improved profitability through increasing crop yield and quality while reducing costs incurred from water, energy, labour, chemical inputs and water runoff. 
In addition, drip can eliminate many diseases that are spread through water contact with the foliage
To avoid plugging the relatively small passages inside drip emitters the water is filtered thus removing minerals or organic materials from the irrigation water.
Because water is applied directly to the root zone, an opportunity to apply nutrients and to fertigate is achieved.
The advantages:
  • Water application efficiency.
  • Application rates are low so water may be fed to the crop or plant root zone in precise amounts
  • Moisture within the root zone can be maintained
  • Eliminates water loss from the wind
  • Usually lower operating pressure than other types of pressurised irrigation hence reduction in energy costs.
  • Soil erosion on sloping terrain prevented by Low application rates.
  • Levelling off of the field not critical.
  • Fertilizer/nutrient loss minimized due to root zone targeting
  • Possible to irrigate irregular fields.
  • High uniformity in the distribution of water due to controlled output of each nozzle.
  • Fertigation is achievable with this type of system
*if designed, installed and managed correctly.